Paronychia Causes

It may be acute or chronic and is due to infection of the skin fold beside the nail. Treating a pterygium or pinguecula. Care must be taken to ensure correct diagnosis and therefore treatment. Pathophysiology. What Causes Paronychia. Loss of nails. When infected, the nail fold appears swollen, inflamed, and it may be tender. Beau's lines. Chronic paronychia is caused primarily by the yeast fungus Candida albicans. It can start suddenly (acute paronychia) or gradually (chronic paronychia). Bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida cause this infection. What causes nail-fold infections? Germs (bacteria). Septic arthritis: This is caused by bacterial infection of the spaces between the joints of the finger bones. Even fungus and Candida bacterium can affect the skin around the nails causing infection. It is a common nail condition and if not treated, it may spread to the whole figure or toe. C, Subungual extension of pus. What causes high blood sugar levels in the morning? Commonly known reasons why your blood sugar may be high in the morning include high-carb bedtime snacks and not enough diabetes medications. Below is a quick article on the causes, prognosis and symptoms of auto-immune disease in cats. If possible, you should adapt your job so that you can clean and dry your hands periodically. These include impetigo, folliculitis, furuncles, carbuncles, and paronychia. The terms onychia and paronychia refer to a type of bacterial or fungal infection that strikes the fingernails and toenails. Paronychia is an infection of the perionychium (also called eponychium), which is the epidermis bordering the nail. Surgical Treatment of Acute and Chronic Paronychia and Felons Jennifer Etcheson Jeffrey Yao DEFINITION An acute paronychia is an infection of the soft tissue fold around the fingernail. Paronychia is a nail disease that is an often tender bacterial or fungal infection of the hand or foot, where the nail and skin meet at the side or the base of a finger or toenail. Treatment usually involves antibiotic medicines for germ (bacterial) infections. Bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida typically cause this infection. Paronychia: Overview. The nail may become thick, hard, and deformed. Paronychia is more common in adult women and in people who have diabetes. If the infection stays there—around the fingernail—it's called a paronychia (pa-ruh-NIK-ee-uh). The guilty party is a fungus called candida. Paronychia is a nail disease. To know more, read the article given below on the uses and side effects of ichthammol ointment. nails problem what is nails problem how nails problem occurs, reasons for nails problem, source of nails problem courses of nails problem , causes of nails problem , symptoms of nails problem, attention and care for nails problem, prevention of nails problem, complications of nails. This way germs can get easily into the skin and cause an infection. Paronychia is a soft tissue infection around a fingernail that begins as cellulitis but that may progress to a definite abscess. An ingrown toenail usually causes paronychia. Learn how about onycholysis prevention. In some cases, a small collection of pus forms under the skin next to the nail, or underneath the nail itself. One of the most common causes of chronic paronychia is working in an environment in which your hands are frequently wet. A detachment of your nail. Paronychia is a skin infection that occurs around the nails. Onychomycosis, or fungal infection, can also occur in and around the nail bed. Skin lesions occur mainly in exposed areas, such as face and hands, as well as in the trunk and limbs. These germs can be bacteria or a fungus. Infection - skin around the nail. The 2 types of paronychia are as follows : Acute paronychia - Painful and purulent condition; most frequently caused by staphylococci. Your Care Instructions. The swelling can be caused due to the accumulation of pus. Psoriatic arthritis causes swelling in the fingers and joints while osteoarthritis develops when the cartilage between your finger joints degenerates. Although the nail is a structure produced by the skin and is a skin appendage, nail diseases have a distinct classification as they have their own signs and symptoms which may relate to other medical conditions. Onychorrhexis causes another disease known as Onychoschisis which is characterized by splitting of the nails at the ends. Paronychia can be acute (come on suddenly) or chronic (persist or recur over a period of time). Paronychia has also been reported as an adverse effect of several drugs, including antiretroviral agents , systemic retinoids, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, and cytotoxic chemotherapy agents. Paronychia is classified into acute and chronic according to how long the infection lasts. Acute paronychia usually results from a traumatic event, however minor, that breaks down the physical barrier between the nail bed and the nail; this disruption allows the infiltration of. They can be caused by fungal infections (onychomycosis), psoriasis, viruses (verruca vulgaris caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), lichen planus, ingrown nails, drugs, bacteria (acute or chronic paronychia), and diseases which induce discoloration (chromonychia) like pseudomonas invasions. What causes paronychia?. Causes of a fingernail infection. Acute paronychia causes redness, warmth, and pain along the nail margin. This is a yeast (a type of fungus) and is. It is typified by swelling, soreness and redness around the fingernails. Acute paronychia typically presents with redness, swelling, pain and possible fluctuance or purulent drainage from the paronychium. The infection can be caused by bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida. aureus coupled with direct irritation or a break in the skin. You may need to take the medication for several weeks. Paronychia:Red, swollen, tender inflammation of the nail folds. (See also Overview of Nail Disorders. Excessively exposing the hands to moisture or even sucking the fingers frequently. An ingrown toenail usually causes paronychia. However, some immunocompromised people (think people with AIDS) experience chronic paronychia. Diagnosis is by inspection. Also, the failure to provide the cat with an appropriate, natural diet. Paronychia refers to a bacterial skin infection that usually affects the skin next to a fingernail or toenail. That doesn't mean all infiltrates are pneumonia. Nail Bed Infection, Purple, White, Blue, Damages, Injury, Causes, Treatment Get insights on the causes and treatment of different nail bed infection and injuries such as purple, blue and white nail bed. It may be acute or chronic and is due to infection of the skin fold beside the nail. There are several symptoms that may occur alongside peeling. PDF | Paronychia is one of the most common infections of the hand. Paronychia: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment by Dr. It is recalcitrant dermatoses seen commonly in housewives and housemaids. The causes of acute paronychia are nail biting, aggressive manicuring, and placement of artificial nails. crazyhealthplan. It is caused by an injury, prior infection, or irritation such as hangnail. Treatment Of Acute And Chronic Paronychia. Finger joint pain can bring multiple troubles in your whole body. When the skin around the nail is damaged, germs can get in and cause an infection. Dogs may suffer from extremely brittle nails (onychorrhexis), or have nails that slough, peel, or chip away excessively (oychomadesis). Paronychia is an infection of the skin of the fingers or toes, at the place where the skin folds down to meet the nail. Causes of paronychia. If you have your toenails done at a salon, be sure to tell your pedicurist to trim your nails straight across. Causes of Paronychia 1. In people with Onychorrhexis, protein layers separate or break down leading to brittle nails. Acute paronychia is usually due to bacterial infection with Staphylococcus aureus (which may be multiresistant), Streptococcus pyogenes, pseudomonas, or other bacterial pathogens. What causes high blood sugar levels in the morning? Commonly known reasons why your blood sugar may be high in the morning include high-carb bedtime snacks and not enough diabetes medications. Having thick toenails could be one of the most uncomfortable things one can experience, especially when wearing shoes. What the symptoms of paronychia are depends on which type you have. Start studying Nail theory. Here we have discussed some home remedies for Paronychia which provide relief. Paronychia is also sometimes called 'whitlow'. When it comes to the causes of paronychia then there are several causes of paronychia. Causes and Epidemiology. Povidone-Iodine 1% in dimethyl sulfoxide applied twice daily until cleared; Capriotti (2015) Clin Cosmet Investing Dermatol 8:489-91 [PubMed] Protease Inhibitors Indinavir (Antiretroviral agent) Consider switching to other. 0 is a billable ICD-10-CM code that can be used to specify a diagnosis. Paronychia Symptoms - Throbbing pain, redness, warmth and swelling in the skin around a nail, Pus-filled blisters, Red, hot, swollen, painful nail fold. Paronychia is infection of the periungual tissues. There are two types of paronychia: acute paronychia and chronic paronychia. Note the inflammation (red, swollen area) at the base of the nail and the changes that are apparent in the nail itself. I have attached a picture so we can discuss. This process leads to a fixed narrowing of the intravascular lumen which hinders the blood flow and causes chronic tissue ischemia. The toenail edge may be embedded in the lateral nail fold. Paronychia is an infection that develops around the nailbed of either the foot or the hand. Pus, erythema and swelling develop between the nail and nail fold causing throbbing pain and discomfort. The infection can be caused by either bacteria or fungi. In medicine, it is used as a remedy for treating many forms of skin diseases like acne, eczema, and psoriasis. It will tell you what it is, what causes it, what can be done about it, and where you can find out more about it. What causes black toenail fungus? Apart from the above causes, it could also be a sign of melanoma, a skin cancer that also affects the nail. It is important to keep your hands dry most of the time so that it can heal. In the case of paronychia, most of the time good hygiene can prevent the infection from occurring in the first place. When the skin is damaged like this, germs can get in and cause an infection. These typically lie dormant in the nail matrix where the nail originates. This is a yeast (a type of fungus) and is. Read about common causes, symptoms, home remedies, and treatment, and see pictures. Depending on the cause of the infection, anemia may appear slowly and persist for weeks or appear suddenly and last for only one or two days. Homeopathy is the best treatment for breaking nails, nail bed infection, Paronychia and fungal nail infections. What Causes Paronychia? Paronychia usually happens when the skin around a person's nail is irritated or injured. Synonyms for paronychia in Free Thesaurus. An acute paronychia causes throbbing pain, redness, warmth and swelling in. Paronychia and Acute conjunctival inflammation (4 causes) Paronychia and Aphthous Ulcer (4 causes) Paronychia and Corneal inflammation (4 causes) Paronychia and Osteomyelitis (4 causes) Paronychia and Skin symptoms (4 causes) Paronychia and Infection (4 causes) Paronychia and Corneal ulcer (3 causes) Paronychia and Diarrhea (3 causes. In the acute form of paronychia, ingrown toenail infection will spread in a few hours and it will lead to abscess formation. The condition can last for months or even years. The tissue surrounding the sesamoid bones can become inflamed, and the condition requires medical intervention in many cases. What causes nail-fold infections? Germs (bacteria). It causes chronic paronychia which is painful inflammation of the tissues around the nail. Diagnosis is by inspection. What Causes Paronychia? Paronychia usually happens when the skin around a person’s nail is irritated or injured. paronychia fingernail - this is an unpleasant disease. Hand cellulitis infections are usually minor. In the chronic form, the process will go more slowly. Chronic paronychia is generally a result of a fungal contamination. Predisposing factors include overzealous manicuring, nail biting, picking at a hangnail, thumbsucking, ingrown nail, diabetes mellitus, and occupations in which the. An infection eventually causes the skin to swell and puss. Even fungus and Candida bacterium can affect the skin around the nails causing infection. Acute or chronic paronychia may also occur as a manifestation of other diseases, such as pemphigus vulgaris. Chronic paronychia may also be caused by a mixed bacterial infection, which can be treated with antibiotics. Paronychia is a tender, painful condition. 3-6 Although wet dressings, cushioning of the affected areas, topical or systemic. How does a nail infection (paronychia) occur? Any trauma to the nail or skin surrounding the nail such as aggressively trimming or manicuring your nails can create a way for bacteria to enter and cause an infection. () The former affects just the nail portion of the fingers and toes. Paronychia is infection of the periungual tissues. The swelling can be caused due to the accumulation of pus. The good thing there are few options that you can try to cure Paronychia by sitting at your own pace only. The infection can be caused by bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida. Start studying Nail theory. The cuticle, which is the layer of dead skin at the base of a fingernail or toenail, acts as a protective seal between the nail and the nail fold. An infection can cause lasting damage without prompt treatment. In contrast, retronychia involves proximal ingrowth of the nail that occurs when the nail embeds backwards into the proximal nail fold. Note the inflammation (red, swollen area) at the base of the nail and the changes that are apparent in the nail itself. the skin around your nails has become sore, red, swollen and warm (paronychia) - this can be a sign of an infection or ingrown toenail; Causes of nail problems. It is a gram positive, round microorganism which is present in most of the areas of the body, specifically the skin. Paronychia has also been reported as an adverse effect of several drugs, including antiretroviral agents , systemic retinoids, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors, and cytotoxic chemotherapy agents. Acute paronychia is the most commonly reported hand infection in the Unites States. C, Subungual extension of pus. Paronychia is an often tender infection or inflammation around the base of the nail fold. The only real difference between the two is that one could last longer and be a repetitive occurrence based on environment. Yeast infections can develop under the proximal nail fold and as a secondary infection between artificial product and the nail bed This condition is called paronychia. Horizontal nail ridges can be due to a recent systemic disease that affect the nail growth (called Beau’s lines), including malnutrition, heart attack, severe infections, and metabolic disturbances, including poorly controlled diabetes. This type of nail infection is often caused by a bacterial infection but may also be caused by herpes, a type of viral infection. Paronychia - Causes, Progression and Types Paronychia is an infection that develops around the nailbed of either the foot or the hand. Causes include lichen planus, rheumatoid arthritis, myxoid cysts and peripheral arterial disease. Paronychia - treatment options Paronychia early unpaired pus, local selection ointment of ichthyol, golden bulk paste applicator or FM, infrared, and other physical therapy, cotrimoxazole and other antimicrobial agents. Thumb sucking can cause paronychia in small children. Paronychia Symptoms - Throbbing pain, redness, warmth and swelling in the skin around a nail, Pus-filled blisters, Red, hot, swollen, painful nail fold. This is called an abscess. Paronychia While paronychia sounds like a rare disease you pick up while bushwacking through a jungle, this infection is actually pretty common. Staphylococcus aureus, a strain of bacteria that normally lives on the skin, is the usual cause of the infection. Many organisms can cause a paronychia. It can be flexible or stiff and can occur on any toe. The thing with Paronychia is that it can be caused from either Bacteria or Fungus. The pathophysiology underlying it is a break in skin surrounding the nail. Paronychia can be acute or chronic. Ingrown nails affect predominantly the toenails and virtually always result from the embedding of lateral nail spicules into the lateral nail folds. Most of the time, it's not serious. Pathophysiology. In Ayurveda, it is considered as a Pitta dominant condition. Paronychia is the name for redness and swelling of the skin around the nail beds. While for some people, hangnails are part of life, others find hangnails extremely annoying and frustrating. Different microorganisms can be blamed for the development of paronychia. Paronychia is an infection of the fingernail or toenail. Check that- after talking to her it seems far more likely that it's recurrent acute paronychia due to the pus build-up around the nails. This refers to an infection of the skin around the nail. It will tell you what it is, what causes it, what can be done about it, and where you can find out more about it. The logic behind the test is simple. The left finger is the symptomatic finger (left ring finger). Causes may range from primary to secondary infections occurring as a result of a hangnail or picking off the cuticle. Paronychia: A paronychia is an infection of the finger that involves the tissue at the edges of the fingernail. The cause or causes of chronic paronychia are not fully understood. Paronychia is a soft tissue infection around a fingernail that begins as cellulitis but that may progress to a definite abscess. If you have your toenails done at a salon, be sure to tell your pedicurist to trim your nails straight across. • The most common causes of paronychia are nail biting, sucking your thumb or finger, and pushing down the skin at the base of the nail (cuticle). Chronic paronychia:- Paronychia is a common infection of the skin around the fingernails (the nail folds). Conditions that can contribute to nail infections include split or cracked nails, closely trimmed nails or trauma to the nail. This opportunity can be taken by common Staphylococci and Enterococcus bacteria to enter the wounds, causing the infection to occur. Trauma to the skin around the nail opens a route for infection around the nail, a condition termed paronychia. If a pus-filled abscess pocket develops, a doctor may need to drain it. The skin surrounding the nose and margins of the nostrils can be affected. What Causes nail bed infection? As already mentioned in this post. The left finger is the symptomatic finger (left ring finger). Paronychia causes. With acute paronychia, a crack in the nail fold or trauma to the nail is usually seen first. This is called an abscess. Paronychia, a bacterial, fungal or yeast infection of the skin around the fingernail or toenail, occurs when the area is damaged by a manicure, biting the nails or trimming a hangnail. The most common cause of hypopigmentation is damage or trauma to the skin. Often, only one nail is affected. In the chapter that deals with paronychia, there is an emphasis on the clinical difference between acute and chronic paronychia. Chronic paronychia is a skin infection of the folds of tissue mass adjoining the nail, persisting five to six weeks. Diagnosis is by inspection. See detailed information below for a list of 11 causes of Paronychia, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. The thing with Paronychia is that it can be caused from either Bacteria or Fungus. Paronychia is an infection that develops around the nailbed of either the foot or the hand. Acute paronychia is an acute infection of the nail folds and periungual tissues, usually caused by. Treatment of acute paronychia includes incision and drainage of any purulent fluid, soaks, and topical and/or oral antibacterials. It can be flexible or stiff and can occur on any toe. This is an infection that develops on the edge of the toe or fingernail. Paronychia may be seen in people with eczema or psoriasis, or as a side effect of a medication. Paronychia caused by certain habits Onychophagia or nail biting, is an oral compulsive habit. Paronychia is an infection of the skin around a fingernail or toenail. Paronychia is a nail disease. The injury could be incurred directly or perhaps as a result of misfitting footwear. Koilonychia - Symptoms, Causes, Cure, Treatment, Pictures, anemia, iron deficiency. It is caused by bacteria, fungus and other micro germs. The cause for chronic paronychia is fungus or yeast infection. Other causes of transverse ridges include psoriasis, paronychia and eczema. These tend to cause sudden-onset (acute) nail-fold infections which are painful. Since some chronic cases might be caused by fungi, your doctor may give you an topical antifungal medication. If the infected ingrown toenail is more severe it can cause fever and enlargement of lymph nodes. In some cases acute paronychia is accompanied by fever and painful glands under the arms. Cats may exhibit extremely brittle nails (onychorrhexis), or have nails that separate, peel, and slough excessively (onychomadesis). Onychia (pronounced o-nik´e-ah) is a medical term denoting a specific type of infection that affects the fingernails and toenails. These forms occur more commonly in women than in men and often affect the middle finger, which may come into contact with Candida organisms that reside in the intestine or vagina. Paronychia is an infection that causes inflammation of the nail fold and around the nail, nail bed or claw. Anxiety in children with onychophagia is not a characteristic trait; it is rather a state. Causes of Acute Paronychia or Infected Cuticle: This bacterial infection of nail skin happens due to the following reasons - Application of sculptured or artificial fingernails. An ingrown toenail usually causes paronychia. Hallux definition is - the innermost digit (such as the big toe) of a hind or lower limb. Paronychia is characterized by infected tissue folds around the nail, most often fingernails. It is usually bacteria or fungal in nature and it involves the nails of the hand or foot where the nail and the skin cross at the or the base of the fingernail or toenail. When it comes to the causes of paronychia then there are several causes of paronychia. The most common cause of ingrown nails is cutting the nail too short. Although a chronic paronychia may take several weeks to heal, the skin and nail usually will return to normal eventually. The organism can gain entry if the nail is cracked, broken, bitten, or trimmed too closely. Nail infection (medically referred to as paronychia) occurs when a skin bacteria, mostly staphylococcus, enters the skin around the nail that has been injured. The causes of acute paronychia are nail biting, aggressive manicuring, and placement of artificial nails. () The former affects just the nail portion of the fingers and toes. Chronic paronychia treatment is typically different from acute treatment as the causes are different, though the two conditions may initially look the same. The condition can last for months or even years. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term. It’s absolutely fair to say that everyone has got hangnails; at least once in their lifetime, if not on a regular basis. Depending upon the causative factors and the length of morbidity period, the nail fold infection is termed as acute, chronic, candidal or pyogenic paronychia. Things like keeping hands washed and using hand sanitizer can go a long way in preventing paronychia. A paronychia is an infection of the paronychium (pay-roh-NIK-ee-um), which is the area around the fingernail (see Figure 2). An infection can cause lasting damage without prompt treatment. The appearance of paronychia is such that the infected nail fold becomes swollen, sore, tender and inflamed. Povidone-Iodine 1% in dimethyl sulfoxide applied twice daily until cleared; Capriotti (2015) Clin Cosmet Investing Dermatol 8:489-91 [PubMed] Protease Inhibitors Indinavir (Antiretroviral agent) Consider switching to other. Acute cases of paronychia are usually caused by biting, picking, or scratching the cuticle or sides of the nail. Black Toenail Fungus Symptoms. Paronychia occurs when the skin around the nail gets irritated or injured, due to chewing, biting, or picking at the nails. The terms onychia and paronychia refer to a type of bacterial or fungal infection that strikes the fingernails and toenails. These practice questions will help you master. What usually causes paronychia is an injury to the area surrounding the nail and this is usually the result of trimming, clipping, biting or picking at the nail or the surrounding skin. This topic will discuss the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management of acute and chronic paronychia. The infection can be caused by a bacteria, fungi. Acute paronychia is usually caused by common bacteria such as Staphylococci and often progresses to abscess formation. Acute Paronychia is caused by the presence of staphyloccal aureus, streptococci, pseudomonas, and/or anaerobes. Paronychia usually happens when the skin around a person's nail is irritated or injured. They are inflamed and have created a slight reddish tinge on the two toes. If you have your toenails done at a salon, be sure to tell your pedicurist to trim your nails straight across. Conditions that can contribute to nail infections include split or cracked nails, closely trimmed nails or trauma to the nail. I'm not quite sure whats wrong but think it may be a whitlow thats all i can put it down to. Acute paronychia is usually a painful condition that develops over one to 2 days. Appearances may be difficult to diagnose with certainty. The cuticle looks like it deteriorated in just a few days. Bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida typically cause this infection. Chronic paronychia is caused primarily by the yeast fungus Candida albicans. Tennis elbow refers to inflammation of the tendons that attach to the outside or lateral part of the elbow, while golfer's elbow refers to inflammation of the tendons that attach to the inner or medial part of the elbow. It is more common in the United States, and is normally found in kids who bite their nails or suck on their fingers. Onychophagia begins mildly and at an early age. There are two types of paronychia, the acute paronychia and chronic paronychia. Paronychia is an infection of the skin that surrounds the nail. crazyhealthplan. This also is commonly mistaken for nail fungus infection. Note the inflammation (red, swollen area) at the base of the nail and the changes that are apparent in the nail itself. It might sting at first, and if the pain is too intense, add more water to the mixture. Most of the time, it's not serious. Treatment of acute paronychia includes incision and drainage of any purulent fluid, soaks, and topical and/or oral antibacterials. Nail disorders and abnormalities are common. Red blotches may appear all over the skin. paronychia, commonly misidentified as a synonym for whitlow or felon, is an often-tender bacterial or fungal hand infection or foot i. Acute is the most common, and is easily treatable, as it causes small but discrete sacs of pus to develop around the wound site. Paronychia is also sometimes called 'whitlow'. Candidal paronychia is caused by a specific type of yeast. Hangnails that aren't properly cared for can result in an infection called paronychia. Chronic paronychia is generally a result of a fungal contamination. It is more common in the United States, and is normally found in kids who bite their nails or suck on their fingers. While for some people, hangnails are part of life, others find hangnails extremely annoying and frustrating. Causes of onychophagia. What usually causes paronychia is an injury to the area surrounding the nail and this is usually the result of trimming, clipping, biting or picking at the nail or the surrounding skin. These germs may be bacteria (causing bacterial paronychia) or fungi (fungal paronychia). This topic will discuss the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and management of acute and chronic paronychia. Alternative Names Infection - skin around the nail Causes Paronychia is fairly common. Acute paronychia are caused by the following: Acute paronychia happens to patients who have a history of minor trauma to This may also be caused by innocuous conditions such as hangnails and activities as nail biting, The most common cause of paronychia is the Staphylococcus bacteria. Bacteria or a type of yeast called Candida usually cause this infection. What causes black toenail fungus? Apart from the above causes, it could also be a sign of melanoma, a skin cancer that also affects the nail. This may be exacerbated by the baby sucking their fingers or by overzealous trimming of the infant. A detachment of your nail. The terms onychia and paronychia refer to a type of bacterial or fungal infection that strikes the fingernails and toenails. All the other common causes of onycholysis are associated with diminished adherence of the nail plate to the nail bed as a primary (idiopathic) or secondary event: the latter include trauma, fungal infection, eczema, and drug reactions; Subungual hyperkeratosis - excessive scaling under the nail. Red blotches may appear all over the skin. This is usually associated with nail psoriasis or paronychia infection. Candida fungus is the most common form. Types of Paronychia. In some cases, a small collection of pus forms under the skin next to the nail, or underneath the nail itself. It is a localized, superficial infection or abscess of the. Alternative Names Infection - skin around the nail Causes Paronychia is fairly common. It is usually caused by injury to the area -- for example, from biting off or picking a hangnail or from trimming or pushing back the cuticle. It will tell you what it is, what causes it, what can be done about it, and where you can find out more about it. What Causes Paronychia?. Onychia is an infection of the nail itself, which causes inflammation of the nail and swelling of the surrounding tissue. Paronychia is an infection of the skin around the toenails. Localised inflammation of the nail fold (paronychia) is relatively common in infants. Treatment of Paronychia is inflammation of the skin that surrounds a fingernail or toenail. Pathophysiology. Pyogenic paronychia: causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment Pyrogenic paronychia is an acute or chronic suppurative infection of the skin around the nail and is characterized by redness, swelling, suppuration or incrustation, accompanied by significant pain. Causes of Paronychia. EMSP 2330 Soft Tissue Trauma Epidemiology of Soft Tissue Trauma Incidence, mortality, morbidity. This sounds like you probably have a paronychia, which is the medical terms for an infection in the soft tissue of the nail fold on the sides of the nail. Nail infection is also known as paronychia. Diagnosis is by inspection. Immunodeficiency, poor glycemic control, and occupations involving repeated hand exposure to water (e. To know more, read the article given below on the uses and side effects of ichthammol ointment.